# VMs: Re: VMs as Numbers

```hi Robert :-)

FWIW: I think "9", 3 x 3 TTT board etc..and you have your logarithm(s)
+ n(1)/4?  +n(3)?
to include ALL characaters and ALL NUMBERS (to 81/2)

The "gallow(s) characters" ~Shift~ the pointer (NUMBER) though :-(
So, I don't know the "equation" here yet :-(

Best to you & yours
-=se=-
steve (the arabic/numerial "0" is in there TWICE!) ekwall

Date: Wed, 12 Jun 2002 14:27:22 +0800
From: robertjf@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
To: Voynich Ms. mailing list <voynich@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: VMs:  VMs as Numbers

Folks

A quick thought.  If the VMs is mostly encoded numbers,
then there is a fairly powerful test of this hypothesis.

Just as Zipf's Law predicts word frequency, so Benford's
Law predicts the frequencies of the initial digits of a
sequence of numbers.  In a nutshell, P(n) = log(n+1) - log(n)

Assuming we can identify the initial digit, and assuming also
we can identify the base (surely 10 for encoded Roman
numerals), then all we have to do is translate into Arabic
decimal notation and compute the frequencies.

Hope that's vagely useful

Robert

```