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VMs: Ioannes Marci


following the compilation of some info about Marci -  you may already know most of it, anyway.


    Jan Marek Marci (1595-1667) 
Per Czech site: http://www.lanskrounsko.cz/czech/index.asp 

Jan Marek Marci (Joannes Marcus Marci de Cronland) was born on 13th June 1595 in
Lanskroun (Kronwald). His family moved 1601 in  Litomysl (Leitomischl), where his 
father  was the burgrave of the castle belonging to  the House of Pernstein. After seven 
years they moved again to Jindrichuv Hradec (Neuhaus), where Marci entered the Jesuit 
school. Due to his weak health ( lung  and eye disease) he was  not accepted into Jesuit 
Order and he left to study philosophy and theology in Olomouc (Olmütz). In 1615 he 
graduated  in philosophy and he demonstrated his Czech  patriotism by adding to his 
name  "Ioanus Marcus Lanczkrounský" adjective "Boemus".

In  1618 he enrolled in Prague university to study medicine. In 1626,  he became the 
doctor of medicine and later the professor of Charles' University. During the fight for 
university independence he took the stand against Jesuit university Clementinum.
The Prague university was divided  in 1638, Jesuits taking Theology and Philosophy, while 
 the Medicine plus Law stayed with lay Charles'  University, created 
by Emperor Charles IV in 1348). 

 He got involved in the defense of Prague against Swedes (general Konigsmark). In 
October  1654 he was given the nobility title (falckrabe) "de Kronland". He was eight times 
the Dean of the Medical faculty and in 1662 he was elected the Rector of Prague University. 

Beside his teaching  profession, he also had a private medical office and well  known 
success - for which he was selected to be a personal doctor of the Emperor Ferdinand 
III.  He was also a personal friend of patriotic Jesuit priest Bohuslav Balbin. Beside his 
achievements in medicine and physics he spoke several languages: German, Latin, Greek,
 Hebrew, Arabian, Italian and Spanish. He also studied Syrian and Chaldeian languages.  

In the last years of his life, he became completely blind. He died  on 16th April  1667, the  oldest professor at that time. 
Per Czech publication "Who was who" (Kdo byl Kdo, Rovina 1692):

He was mainly known by his knowledge of medicine, physics, philosophy and astronomy. 
Some of his discoveries preceded even those whose names they are bearing today, namely 
in optics. Due to 30 years war, his works was not so well publicized worldwide, but his 
works were known by Huygens and he also sent his works to Galileo. He met with William Harvey, who personally visited him in 1636 in Prague and it  may be possible 
that the Royal Society  was ready to offer him its membership. Before that 
happened, he died.

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