Voynich foldouts, based on inspection of VMS and of photostats, 13 July 1994. Jim Reeds. Method & notation: Each foldout leaf, when completely unfolded, has a gutter, an edge, and various folding creases, which may be "valley" creases or "mountain" creases. When the leaf is completely unfolded and the gutter is at the left, we are looking at the recto side; when the gutter is on the right, we are looking at the verso side. With the exception of the big foldout f85/86, all the folding creases are vertical. So a notation like this will be used to show the recto side has, when completely unfolded, a valley crease: G - E Turn the page over and you get E + G since the view of a valley fold from the other side of the sheet is a mountain fold.... The gutter, folds, and edge divide the sheet into rectangular panels. Some panels form logical pages of their own, but some logical pages span two panels. Some panels bear the folio number in their upper right corners. I will use a notation like G (a#) - (b) E to name two panels, and to show that panel 'a' has a folio number. The foldout folios, with "white ink" names for the pages: folio 67 recto: G (a#) + (b) E a=67r1 b=67r2 folio 67 verso: E (c) - (d) G c=67v2 d=67v1 folio 68 recto G (a) - (b) + (c) + (d) E a=68r1 b=68r2 c and d together form 68r3 folio 68 verso E (e) - (f) - (g#) + (h) G e and f together = 68v3 g=68v2 h=68v1 folio 70 recto G (a) - (b) - (c) E a=70r1 b=70r2 c=70r3 folio 70 verso E (d) + (e#) + (f) G d=70v3 e=70v2 f=70v1 folio 72 recto G (a) - (b) + (c) E a=72r1 b=72r2 c=72r3 (Note: the + fold and the E are both suffering from severe curling.) folio 72 verso E (d) - (e#) + (f) G d=72v3 e=72v2 f=72v1 folio 85 and 86 are complicated by the presence of a horizontal fold. When the book is open between folios 85 and 86, and the foldout is completely unfolded, we see something like this, in ascii graphics: .................... . + + . . + + . . a + b + c . . + + . . + + . .------------------. . = - . . = - . . d = e - f . . = - . . = - . .................... where the row of = signs indicates the binding gutter, a valley crease, and dots indicate the edges of the leaves. This shows the 9 rosette diagram. The "white ink" numbers are: a=85v2 b=86r4 c=86r6 d=85v1 e=86r3 e=86r5 The crease separating e from f is disintegrating. If you fold the horizontal crease the 9 rosette diagram is hidden from view, and what you see is describable by the regular notation. folio 85 recto G (d' #) E d'=85r1, the opposite of d folio 85 verso E (a') G a'=85r2, the opposite of a folio 86 recto G (b') - (c') E b'=86v4, the opposite of b c'=86v6, the opposite of c folio 86 verso E (f' #) + (e') G f'=86v5, the opposite of f e'=86v3, the opposite of e folio 89 recto G (a) + (b) - (c) E a=89r1 b and c together=89r2 folio 89 verso E (d) + (e#) - (f) d and e together=89v2 f=89v1 folio 90 recto G (a) - (b) E a=90r1 b=90r2 folio 90 verso E (c#) + (d) G c=90v2 d=90v1 folio 95 recto G (a) - (b) E a=95r1 b=95r2 folio 95 verso E (c#) + (d) G c=95v2 d=95v1 folio 101 recto G (a) - (b) E a and b = 101r folio 101 verso E (c#) + (d) G c and d = 101v folio 102 recto G (a) - (b) + (c) E a=102r1 b and c = 102r2 folio 102 verso E (d) - (e#) + (f) G (NB: crease between d and e charred) d and e = 102v2 f=102v1