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*To*: vms-list@xxxxxxxxxxx*Subject*: Re: VMs: Binomial distribution of word-length, etc...*From*: Nick Pelling <incoming@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>*Date*: Fri, 09 Jan 2004 09:40:02 +0000*In-reply-to*: <3FFE38FB.DED43031@asus.net>*References*: <176.240f5363.2d2f2aad@aol.com> <176.240f5363.2d2f2aad@aol.com> <5.2.1.1.0.20040108224721.03866158@pop3.blueyonder.co.uk>*Reply-to*: vms-list@xxxxxxxxxxx*Sender*: owner-vms-list@xxxxxxxxxxx

> I've thought for a while now that a good explanation for this might be a > combination of (a) an abbreviating private shorthand (which I suspect would > approach a kind of binomial distribution as the sample-length goes up, but > probably with a shorter word-length "peak"), and (b) a verbose cipher (to > move the peak sideways, ie to the right again). > > Unfortunately, I know of no sample statistics for (a)-like shorthand texts,

There must be examples of modern shorthand texts, although I don't know of any in convenient form. I suppose there are Unicode fonts for Gregg, etc.

Modern shorthand is quite different from the kind I have in mind here (which would be a loose mixture of late-medieval Tironian-like ad hoc abbreviations & Radcliff's drop-letters-you-don't-need system (as mentioned on-list)), so the stats would be quite different. :-(

Also, what about Japanese texts with differing degrees of kana-richness?

While modern Japanese does a fair amount of aggressive abbreviating (like "seku-hara" for "sexual harassment"), the size of (even any one of!) its alphabets puts it in quite a different kind of bracket from the size of the alphabet we see in the VMs (even with a verbose cipher!)

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**References**:**Re: VMs: The Sun, The Moon and The Stars***From:*KarstenVMS

**VMs: Binomial distribution of word-length, etc...***From:*Nick Pelling

**Re: VMs: Binomial distribution of word-length, etc...***From:*Dennis

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