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VMs: Ioannes Marci
following the compilation of some info about Marci - you may already know most of it, anyway.
Jan Marek Marci (1595-1667)
Per Czech site: http://www.lanskrounsko.cz/czech/index.asp
Jan Marek Marci (Joannes Marcus Marci de Cronland) was born on 13th June 1595 in
Lanskroun (Kronwald). His family moved 1601 in Litomysl (Leitomischl), where his
father was the burgrave of the castle belonging to the House of Pernstein. After seven
years they moved again to Jindrichuv Hradec (Neuhaus), where Marci entered the Jesuit
school. Due to his weak health ( lung and eye disease) he was not accepted into Jesuit
Order and he left to study philosophy and theology in Olomouc (Olmütz). In 1615 he
graduated in philosophy and he demonstrated his Czech patriotism by adding to his
name "Ioanus Marcus Lanczkrounský" adjective "Boemus".
In 1618 he enrolled in Prague university to study medicine. In 1626, he became the
doctor of medicine and later the professor of Charles' University. During the fight for
university independence he took the stand against Jesuit university Clementinum.
The Prague university was divided in 1638, Jesuits taking Theology and Philosophy, while
the Medicine plus Law stayed with lay Charles' University, created
by Emperor Charles IV in 1348).
He got involved in the defense of Prague against Swedes (general Konigsmark). In
October 1654 he was given the nobility title (falckrabe) "de Kronland". He was eight times
the Dean of the Medical faculty and in 1662 he was elected the Rector of Prague University.
Beside his teaching profession, he also had a private medical office and well known
success - for which he was selected to be a personal doctor of the Emperor Ferdinand
III. He was also a personal friend of patriotic Jesuit priest Bohuslav Balbin. Beside his
achievements in medicine and physics he spoke several languages: German, Latin, Greek,
Hebrew, Arabian, Italian and Spanish. He also studied Syrian and Chaldeian languages.
In the last years of his life, he became completely blind. He died on 16th April 1667, the oldest professor at that time.
Per Czech publication "Who was who" (Kdo byl Kdo, Rovina 1692):
He was mainly known by his knowledge of medicine, physics, philosophy and astronomy.
Some of his discoveries preceded even those whose names they are bearing today, namely
in optics. Due to 30 years war, his works was not so well publicized worldwide, but his
works were known by Huygens and he also sent his works to Galileo. He met with William Harvey, who personally visited him in 1636 in Prague and it may be possible
that the Royal Society was ready to offer him its membership. Before that
happened, he died.
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