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VMs: Demons, Daimones, Daemones...
Just to clear up a thread from last week: if I'd read a few pages ahead to
"Demons and Daimons: The Spirits Conjured" (chapter seven in Kieckhefer's
"Forbidden Rites"), I'd have read about...
"...a tension between the early Christian notion of demons as
fallen angels, whose status is determined by their free moral
act of rebellion against God, and the Graeco-Roman conception
of /daimones/ (or /daemones/ in Latin) as spirits linked with the
world of nature, whose status is fixed by their natural position
within the hierarchy of beings. Apuleius's /De deo Socratis/
remained long influential in Christian tradition, despite its
incongruence with the notion of demons as fallen angels; for
Apuleius, /daemones/ were rational beings whose natural sphere
was the sublunary air, just as gods and humans are rational
beings residing in the ether and on earth respectively. They
are not naturally evil, but may be either good or evil". (p.154)
"One might thus say that the conjurations [of late medieval
necromancy] betray a tension between 'demonology' and what
we might call 'daimonology'." (p.155)
Cheers, .....Nick Pelling.....
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