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RE: VMs: Zinkovy castle for sale


About Clementinum, perhaps here is a clue:


"An exhibition of manuscripts and rare printed books,
related to mathematics pursued in the Clementinum´s
Jesuit college, is held in the Mirror Chapel of the
Clementinum from 2nd November to 1st December 2002.
Exhibits come from the collections of the National
Library of the Czech Republic, some of them were
kindly lent by other institutions ? by the National
Technical Library, the National Technical Museum, the
Library of the Royal Canony of Premonstratensians at
Strahov, and the Library of the Monastery of
Premonstratensians in Teplá.

The exhibition is dedicated to the works of Jesuits,
who had worked as professors of mathematics in the
Clementinum, regardless when and where the particular
work was published. There are also students´ records
of lectures as well as dissertations completed under
the leadership of the Jesuit professors, and also some
writings by out-of-Prague Jesuits, who influenced
teaching mathematics in the Clementinum.

The Jesuit college in the Clementinum (later
incorporated into Charles-Ferdinand University) was a
part of an extensive Jesuit system of schools, which
formed an inseparable part of European culture and
education in the 17th and 18th centuries. In
accordance with general orientation of the Jesuit
Order, this system of education was concentrated on
philosophy and theology, however it was grounded on
thorough general education, in which mathematics had
its firm place, too. According to the study rules
?Ratio atque institutio studiorum S.J.?, mathematics
was an obligatory part of teaching in the second year
of the Faculty of Arts; if some student showed
abilities of studying mathematics and took interest in
it, the provincial could allow him to continue his
mathematical studies ?privatis?. Such connection of
basic mathematical education, obligatory for all
students, with possible further continuation in
mathematical studies, available for the talented ones,
proved to be a very effective solution.

However, the Jesuits understood mathematics far wider
than we do today. Their conception continued a
tradition of the medieval quadrivium, consisting of
arithmetics, geometry, astronomy, and ?musica?, and it
also comprised rudiments of many other disciplines,
e.g. geometrical optics, hydraulics, gnomonics (i.e.
construction of sundials), building of fortifications
etc. In comparison with the present interpretation of
mathematics, the Jesuits´ conception was far wider.

The oldest Jesuit mathematical manuscript preserved in
the Clementinum is dated of 1602 (it originated in
Graz). It is a record of lectures of Joannes Baptista
l´Abbe, Austrian professor of mathematics, who worked
in the Clementinum in 1604. With him, the manuscript
came in Prague, where it has remained.

The oldest preserved mathematical manuscript that had
originated right in Prague, is that called Methodus
Mathematicae Disciplinae (nowadays kept in the
Archives of the Prague Castle). It was written by
Joannes Naritius, a professor of mathematics at the
Clementinum college between 1611 and 1615.

In the 16th century, Christopher Clavius participated
in creating the conception of teaching mathematics at
the Jesuit colleges. His publication of the Euclid´s
?Principles? together with other Clavius´ works
represented a basic source for teaching mathematics in
the Clementinum. Precious copies of his works are
exhibited in the Mirror Chapel, some of them were
donated to the Clementinum college by Clavius himself,
some came from the legacy of Pavel Pistorius z Lucka,
a Clavius´ disciple and bibliophile, who also had been
a professor of mathematics in the Clementinum, before
he devoted oneself entirely to theological career.

Between 1628 and 1631, Gregorius a Sancto Vincetio
(1584 ? 1667) worked at the Clementinum college. He
was an outstanding Jesuit mathematician of the 1st
half of the 17th century and came to Prague on request
of the Emperor Ferdinand II (a portrait of Gregorius
is to be found in the Clementinum´s historical Baroque
Library Hall); and from 1630 to 1667, it was Theodore
Moretus (1602 ? 1667), an importatnt mathematician
from Belgium. The latter is the author of the first
mathematical dissertationes defended in Prague. His
arrival in Prague meant a radical increase of the
level of mathematical studies in the Clementinum.
Moretus´scientific diaries containing technical notes
and drafts as well as his correspondence with
pre-eminent European scholars of that time (e.g.
Kircher, Conrad, Riccioli etc.) are reckoned among the
rare documents preserved in the National Library of
the Czech Republic." etc



"A detailed catalogue in the Czech and English version
was published on the occasion of the exhibition and it
is possible to buy it at the exhibition, at the Sale
of Publication Desk in the main building of the
National Library or it may be ordered in the
Department of Sale and Expedition of Publication of
the National Library: 

--- J HALEY <j.haley@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> a écrit :

> Hi everyone
> Any bidders? It's fourth castle from the bottom.
> http://property.org.uk/unique/castles.html
> What I find interesting here is the apparent size of
> the village
> surrounding the castle. It appears scattered and
> thinly populated
> with lots of forrestry around it. If Barscius came
> from here then he
> was either a serf or he was born in the castle.
> See this site. This describes serfdom and mentions
> one Mr. Jan
> of Klenovy & Janovice & of Zinkovy.
> http://my.athenet.net/~blahnik/smrzovice.htm
> This article shows the precarious nature of the
> serfdoms where
> property could be given to freed serfs but would be
> taxed heavily.
> As the king was said to own the serfs they were only
> a little better
> than slaves. In this atmosphere it would take a lot
> of effort for a
> village boy not only to free himself from serfdom
> but to acquire the
> means to build a library that could be left to
> Marci. My view is that
> it is more likely that he was born in the castle of
> Zinkovy. Although,
> if available, similar records to those of Ondra
> Blahnik and his locality
> would be useful to locate for Zinkovy village. If
> the records show the
> same pattern of serfdom then the obvious thing to do
> would be to
> find anomalies where families had been given free
> status or to
> investigate the history of the castle owners.
> One last thing on the Clementinum.
> http://www.kubon-sagner.de/buch/lager/141_93_3.html
> 4330011
> KAsPAROVA, J.; MAcAK, K.: Utilitas matheseos.
> Jezuitska matematika v
> Klementinu. Jesuit Mathematics in the Clementinum
> (1602-1773) Praha, Narodni
> knihovna CR, 2002. ISBN 80-7050-408-0. 124 S., Text
> in Tschechisch und
> Engl., Abb. , 9,00 Euro
> Katalog vystavy konane v roce 2002, jejimz cilem
> byla prezentace rukopisu a
> starych tisku z fondu Narodni knihovny v Praze,
> ktere se vztahuji k
> matematice pestovane v jezuitske koleji v
> Klementinu.
> This would appear to cover the time that Barcius was
> studying there and may
> contain useful references. I cannot at the moment
> find anywhere that it is
> available for purchase. Has anyone read this?
> Jeff
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